03 Haziran 2022


Our perception of the environment and our reactions to adaptation to the environment can be through bioelectrical processes. Physics (light, heat, burning, stinging, pain, contact, pressure, etc.) and chemical factors (taste and odor-forming compounds)
and the state of the organism in the environment: factors (position
stretching, gravity, hunger, etc.) are converted into electrical signals by their own receptors and transmitted to the relevant sensory nerves. These sensory nerves transmit the electrical signal they receive to the central nervous system via the spinal cord, and the signals are evaluated there, compared to those in memory that are perceived as a sensation. These perceived sensations in the organism determine the organism's state against the environment and trigger reactions
In the organism, in order to adapt to the state of the environment, the most well-known response is movement. The electrical signals from the generating cells responsible for movement in the brain are transmitted to the spinal cord and related muscles via nerve wires that originate from there. We can compare the nerves that transmit these sensory and motor signals to telephone cables, where thousands of insulated conductive wires gather. that we want; If explained in computer language, it can
It achieves this by performing a healthy exchange of information at millions of bits per second. In order to achieve this, the electrical signal passing through the nerve wire must be of a certain speed and quality, the electrical signal flow from the nerve to the muscle, and the electrical behavior of the muscle must be at a certain level
Electrophysiology is the laboratory branch of neuroscience that examines electrical conduction in sensory and motor transmission pathways, reflexive responses in these pathways, transmission of electrical signals from motor nerves to muscles, electrical behavior in muscles, and measurement and evaluation of the electrical states of these
Elements, detection of abnormal findings and detection of pathology. EMG examinations are one of these methods
Measurement of nerve conduction velocities of sensory nerves, motor nerves and both, measurement of sensory potential and amplitude of muscle action potential, local conduction disturbance (trapped nerve injuries) and general (multiple neuropathies)
Measurement and temporal evaluation of the reflex arc (H), and delayed motor responses (F), compared to the opposite arm or leg.
Using the needle electromyography method, the resting activities of the muscles, motor unit potentials and maximal contraction patterns, muscle injury (motoneuron diseases, lumbar neck hernia, polyneuropathy) are evaluated.
Traps, nerve injuries or cuts) or diseases of the muscles themselves.
Assessment of neuromuscular junction diseases (myastania gravis, Botulism - canned disease - etc.) in which electrical transmission from nerves to muscles is evaluated.
By doing this, the degrees and locations of these diseases are determined and the doctor is informed of the problem and assisted in evaluating treatment options
waist and neck hernia,
Numbness in the hands and feet
numbness and weakness in the arms and legs,
numbness in diabetes
Numbness in dialysis patients 
Muscle wasting and tremors
excessive muscle contraction,
muscle pain
occasional episodes of weakness
Decreases in strength, especially later in the day, ptosis
Facial paralysis
Weakness in certain muscle groups
Motor and sensory deficits as a result of accidental and penetrating gunshot wounds
Motor and sensory defects caused by injection
Motor and sensory defects as a result of poisoning and drugs